Do you know that the Zambian culture has a diversity of cultures? Well, Zambian culture has 73 ethnic groups. The culture includes a huge variety of activities such as harvest ceremonies, initiation ceremonies and marriage ceremonies. Many tribes in Zambia migrated centuries ago in search of pastures and farming and they have now grown in large numbers.Before colonial period, Zambia was the home of Free states which had economic links with the outside world. At that time, the main exports were slaves, copper and ivory in exchange of salt, textiles, hardware and jewelry. During the process of urbanization and industrialization, ethnically different people were brought together by different economic interests. A large number of people living in rural areas still retain their traditional and indigenous values and customs. In the year 1964 after independence, the government explored the question of national identity.
Tribal customs are mostly practiced in rural areas. For instance, Greetings are always exchanged before having a conversation. Gifts are usually offered to visitors as a sign of friendship, gratitude and honor. A number of institutions were created with an aim of protecting Zambia culture such as the (NHCC) National Heritage Conservation Commission.
There are different aspects of dance and music in Zambia. Traditional instruments are played throughout although the desire to play western instruments has increased. The common instruments are piano and drums. Drumming is considered as an important part of ceremonies, rituals and celebrations. Dancing takes part in expression among Zambian people. Zambia’s cultures have different varieties of traditional skills crafts being the major one.
The major economy of many Zambian people who deal with crafts is based on cultivation of crops and fishing. Nowadays, traditionally made baskets and pots are replaced with tins and plastics. Zambian citizens should consider joining the nation to prepare for its 51st independence.
Do you want to know more about the culture and customs of Zambian people? If so, this article explains it all. Zambia is well known as one of the most peaceful countries in the world since independence. Arts and crafts such as pottery, wood carving and basket weaving are activities that are highly valued in Zambia. By nature, Zambian people are well known as the friendliest people in the world. Ceremonies are normally held with an aim of celebrating social life, customs and rituals. Before the arrival of Europeans in Zambia, the means of survival was hunting, agriculture and fishing. Traditional healers are considered to play a major role in health care. Every village normally has at least one traditional healer who takes care of the ill by using herbal remedies. There are distinct songs and dances from different tribes in Zambia.
Some types of traditional dances are as follows
Kalela from lala tribe
Ngoni from Ngoni tribe
Nyau from Chewa tribe
Muchoma from Namwanga tribe
Zambian people normally use songs to pass legends, history and beliefs to generations. Traditional songs and dances are still performed in various occasions such as initiation ceremonies, funeral rites and rituals. Although there is lots of clapping, drumming and singing in the culture, musical instruments are widely used such as
Stringed instruments like banjo
Percussion instruments such as xylophone
Wind instruments such as flute
Traditional dancing is always kept alive in ceremonies including initiation, weddings and funerals ceremonies. Zambia is the ninth African country that gained independence from British. All the citizens and nation at large should join hands and prepare for celebrations of the coming 51st independence in order to make it a memorable occasion. Zambian people should always aim to retain their treasures such as their peaceful nation, national parks and the different cultures.